music & instruments
this is typical
||The Belly Dance
The belly dance you will watch in Bodrum surely at
least one evening, which is called " Turkish Night ". Folklore, and in the end a belly dance is always in the program. Everything the hotels offer, isn't always the *real* thing. Unfortunately in the last years more and more of the dancers have let it degenerate to a tourist animation. Say it clearly, if it did not please you. Only this way can one stop it.
We would like to recommend two restaurants, the " Han " and "Kervansaray" here in Bodrum, which still endeavor to present an authentic atmosphere.
And a real good and authentic belly-dance you can watch in our Bodrum-video.
Originally the belly dance, here called "Oriental Danse", was a fertility ritual, it had its exact meaning in the religious rituals and ceremonies, today Oriental people see the dance as a high point to a social event, and pay the dancer relatively highly. There are different styles and rhythmics. As various as the dance is, is its music. It must be felt, it is in the heart, flowing into the whole body and expressind itself - all dances contain rhytmic movements, copying the moment of birth or the sex act. In pre-Christian time the dance was religion and the religion also referred the sexuality - erotica and sex were not like today separated from each other .
In the mild winter on the Aegean coast you can watch camel fights. This is a bloodless sport, it is a contest of strength to see which camel can hold his opponent down the longest. Brilliant shots in the Bodrum-video
This process can take hours therefore the handlers intervene and pull them apart
Hamam, that’s the word for the Turkish bath - surely an unforgettable part of your holiday and the massage is the best part. On the marble slab the guest will receive a pummeling from head to toe. After that you can relax with a Çay (Turkish tea) and you feel reborn.
||Turkish classical music
is based on 24 musical intervals, double the Western 12-note scale, so Turkish music simply has more sounds.
The main instruments essential in Turkish music are the ud and saz, tambur, kemençe, ney and kanun. These instruments generally accompany the human voice.
In many respects, the development of Turkish music parallels that of music in the West. The style originally derived from folk music, in this case that of central Asia. Music is also an important part of some religious sects, and the Mevlevi (dervish order). The 13th century brought with it the consolidation of Turkish music into a classical form and with the establishment of a sophisticated palace culture, music became a part of secular Iife, patronised by the sultans.
The ud, an instrument whose origins can be traced to antiquity, is the most widespread of Eastern instruments and the ancestor of the European lute, which entered Europe from Moorish Spain and took its name from the Arabic al'ud.
With its deep pear-shaped body, thick, short neck and angled head, the Turkish ud is very like those found in Middle Eastern countries. The medieval ud had frets and five strings. The frets have since disappeared and the modern ud has eleven or twelve strings grouped in pairs. The top six strings are made of nylon and the others of metal.
The most important instrument in Turkish classical music is the tambur, a form of long-necked lute with a body shaped like a half gourd. With a status equal to that held by the piano in Western music, the tambur's fingerboard is the reference guide to tonal intervals in Turkish music.
The instrument is strung with seven or eight strings, usually plucked, although a bow can also be used to play it. The tambur's long slender neck, sensitive to temperature and humidity, is made from well-seasoned wood.
the origins of the kanun, a plucked, zither-like instrument are vague. Similar instrument are found in ancient Egypt and Samaria. Today, the kanun has 72 or 75 nylon strings which stretch across a shallow sound box, held on the musician's lap. Tuned in groups of three, the strings give 24-25 notes. The various intermediate notes of the Turkish scale are produced by the mandal board. Until the invention of the mandal board in the nineteenth century, a player had to place his thumb on a string at the same time as he struck it with the plectrum.
Taking its name from the Farsi for "little violin," the kemence is closely related to violins used in Turkish folk music. The kemence has four strings and is held upright on the left leg with the bow drawn across it like a cello. It is one of the most technically demanding of instruments. The musician raises the pitch of the strings not by pressing down on them with his fingers, but by touching them lightly from the side with his fingernails.
Because of its rich harmonies and tonal range, the ney has been called the "most perfect wind instrument". Its history goes back at least 2,000 years and it probably descends from a Samarian instrument called the na.
Made from a single, hollow-stemmed, woody reed, the ney has seven holes - six in the front, one at the back - and is fitted with a mouthpiece of horn, ebony or ivory.
The ney is essential in religious music and has assumed an almost sacred status in the rituals of the Mevlevi where its haunting melancholy tone has come to syrnbolize the mystic's yearning to return to God.
For Turkish people this is second nature and is certainly one of the highlights of Turkish travel. As a rule there is no language barriers as you’ll find out when you are constantly asked by the locals such questions as, are you married, how many children do you have and what Turkish football team do you support. (Choose Galatasaray, Besiktas or Fehnerbahce.)
If you are invited to a Turkish home it is customary to remove your shoes before you enter. As a guest you will be offered everything, where possible do not refuse as this can be taken as an insult.
If the conversation touches such subjects as politics, military activities or religion reserve comment.
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